This site requires Javascript to be enabled.


Archway is a Proof-Of-Stake (PoS) blockchain built with the Cosmos SDK , and it relies on validators in order to secure the network. Validators' voting power is determined by the amount of staking tokens (ARCHs) bonded as collateral. Delegating enables ARCH holders that don't have the skills or desire to run a validator to participate in securing the network and be rewarded.

You can stake by either:


Validators participate in the consensus protocol by proposing new blocks and receiving staking rewards in exchange. Those rewards (minus the commission fee) are then split between all the delegators. The commission fees are instead credited to the validator themselves.

Validators need to be in the active set to let their delegators earn rewards. The active set is the list of validators that have enough weight (i.e. voting power) to be included in the active set. Weight is directly proportional to the amount of delegated tokens. Just as a reference, the active set for chains built with the Cosmos SDK usually varies between 50 and 150.


Delegators staking their coins with a validator entrust that validator to participate in the block issuance process on their behalf. This allows delegators to earn rewards in the process, while also being subjected to slashing penalties. Delegators keep full control of their funds while receiving staking rewards. Their coins stay in their wallets while staked. During the staking period, the tokens are bonded to the validator and are unusable. When the tokens are unstaked/withdrawn from the delegation, they suffer an unbonding period (a cooldown period during which the tokens are frozen before being unstacked and usable again). During the unbonding period, delegators don’t earn rewards. The unbonding period can vary between 14 and 28 days depending on the chain.

Delegators can also participate in governance by voting on the different Governance Proposals

ARCH holders who do not run a validator themselves, are called Delegators. Delegators can delegate ARCHs to a validator and obtain staking rewards minus the commission fee paid to the validator.


Slashing the mechanism that penalizes validators (and consequently their delegators) for misbehaving, such as:

Downtime (soft slashing) When a validator is offline and does not participate in block signing for a certain amount of time, it gets slashed. Slashing leads to a small loss of staked tokens, on top of not earning new rewards for the duration of the downtime.

Double signing (hard slashing) Double signing occurs when a validator uses its private keys to sign multiple blocks at the same time. The penalty is considerably higher, as it involves a higher loss of staked tokens, jail time for the validator, and an unbonding time for the delegator tokens (during which delegators stop gaining rewards)

Validators need to be careful in adopting the necessary measures to prevent being slashed, as both the validator and its delegators are subjected to slashing penalties. For this reason, it is crucial for delegators to carefully choose the validator(s) to which delegate to.

How to choose a validator

There are many variables that can be used to compare validators and choose the right one for you. The most important indicators you need to look for are the following:


Uptime is the metric that helps to determine how reliable a validator is Uptime is shown in the blockexplorer itself (in the validator tab) and usually varies between 90% and 100%.


Self-delegation is the number of tokens a validator is delegating to itself. A high amount of self-delegation demonstrates that the validator has skin in the game, as it will need to be careful not to get slashed in order not to incur losses. A high self-delegation amount usually signals that the validator takes validating operations seriously.


Commissions are the amounts a validator is charging for its validation services, and it is a percentage taken off the delegators' rewards. Commission rates may vary between 5 to 10%, as these amounts may provide enough profits for validators to run operations sustainably.

Commissions are a way for a validator to maintain their infrastructure costs and receive enough incentives to keep validating the chain.

Voting power

Voting power is the weight that a validator has in the consensus mechanism, and it is expressed as the percentage of the delegations to a validator compared to the full amount of delegations. In order to minimize single points of failure and nurture decentralization, it is helpful to delegate to validators with moderate voting power. This will help to balance the power between the different validators, preventing a few validators to collude.


Some validators may run additional services such as relayers, blockexplorers, or other tools. Supporting these contributors is key to the success of a healthy ecosystem.


When delegating tokens to a validator, you are also delegating voting power. Delegating to a validator who is active in the governance processes and openly communicates with the community is an important element

Now, let's see how we can delegate some tokens to a validator.

You can stake by:

In this section, we will focus on Delegating, which enables ARCH holders that don't have the skills or desire to run a validator to participate in securing the network and be rewarded.

You can delegate by either:

You can delegate by using the archwayd or archway CLI, or by using Keplr

Delegate via CLI


Connecting to the network

In order to delegate your stake you have to either run your node or you can connect to a trustworthy operator.

Malicious operators could return incorrect query results or censor your transactions. However, they will never be able to steal your funds, as your private keys are stored locally on your computer or ledger device. Possible options for full-node operators include validators, wallet providers or exchanges.

in order to connect to the network you need to:

Config CLI

If you are not running a node, you can configure your machine as a client. First, remove any archway node data if there is any:

rm -rf ~/.archway/*

You can set the default value for the node you are connecting to. If you want to connect to a node running on the Constantine network, you can use:

archwayd config node

Finally, you can set up the chain ID of the network we want to interact with

archwayd config chain-id constantine-1

Send funds

In order to delegate you need to send a delegate transaction to a validator by launching:

archwayd tx staking delegate <validator-operator-address> <amount-to-bond> --from <your-key-name>

Find Validator's Operator Address

You can query all the validators and pick the one we want to delegate tokens to it by launching:

archwayd query staking validators
pagination: {}
  - commission:
        max_change_rate: '0.100000000000000000'
        max_rate: '0.100000000000000000'
        rate: '0.010000000000000000'
      update_time: '2021-10-12T20:15:35.967858491Z'
      '@type': /cosmos.crypto.ed25519.PubKey
      key: X1LGMAY8dToCgBuMIMpctn20Fwenim2YTGoY9Y2J+To=
    delegator_shares: '1000000000.000000000000000000'
      moniker: my-validator
    min_self_delegation: '1'
    operator_address: archwayvaloper14gxqxpxulxssv7pr4kltr9tl5dujtestxvjhkp
    tokens: '1000000000'
    unbonding_time: '1970-01-01T00:00:00Z'

As you can see in the example, currently there is only one validator and its operator address is archwayvaloper14gxqxpxulxssv7pr4kltr9tl5dujtestxvjhkp.

Delegate via Keplr


First open your Keplr browser extension and click on the Stake button.

Prerequisite: Make sure to deposit some tokens beforehand.

After you click the Stake button, the Keplr extension opens the Keplr web wallet. In the list of validators, select the one you want and then select Manage.

Pick a validator.

A window opens showing the website of the validator with some extra information. Select the Delegate button.

Enter the number of tokens that you want to stake.

Note: Since there is a transaction fee, make sure not to delegate all your tokens.

After you select the Delegate button, another window allows you to select the transaction fees. If you want your transaction to be processed faster, you can offer a higher fee.

Now, select the Set Fee button.

On the following page, make sure the validator address is correct.

The validator address shows on their website. Now that you see the address is correct, you can approve it.

It takes a few moments for the transaction to get through. Open the Keplr extension to see the updates on your account.

Claiming the Staking Reward

After some time, you can see the staking reward to be claimed.

To claim a reward, select the Claim button. Select a fee for the transaction and select the Set Fee button.

After a few moments, you can see the updates on our account.

Note: Since there is a transaction fee, it is recommended to periodically claim the reward.

Undelegate and Redelegate

To undelegate your staked tokens, select the validator from the list of validators in your Keplr web wallet and then select the Undelegate button.

Note: The unbonding period in Cosmos-based networks is 21 days.

To redelegate your tokens to another validator, select Redelegate from the menu.

Then you can select another validator from the list.

The ARCH tokens will not be offered in the United States or to U.S. persons or to residents of certain other prohibited jurisdictions. Learn more here. The information provided in this website is for general informational purposes only. It does not constitute, and should not be considered, a formal offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any security in any jurisdiction, legal advice, investment advice, or tax advice. If you are in need of legal advice, investment advice or tax advice, please consult with a professional adviser. The Archway protocol is under development and is subject to change. As such, the protocol documentation and contents of this website may not reflect the current state of the protocol at any given time. The protocol documentation and website content are not final and are subject to change.